The geographic tongue is a harmless inflammatory condition that occurs on the surface of your tongue. When it happens, the tongue will have tiny white pinkish bumps with short hair-like projections. This condition can make it challenging to eat hot or extremely cold, or spicy foods.
There are patches on the tongue’s surface called missing papillae with geographic tongue, and they appear as smooth red island swith slightly raised borders.
These patches or lesions usually make the tongue have a map like or geographic look. When the lesions heal in one area, they will migrate to another part. This is why the geographic tongue is also called benign migratory glossitis.
Though it might be quite alarming to have a geographic tongue, it doesn’t cause other health conditions and has no linkwith cancer or an infection. However, having a geographic tongue maybe uncomfortable and increase your sensitivity to substances like spices, sweets, and salt.
The following are the symptoms of geographic tongue;
Most people with geographic tongues do not have symptoms. This conditionmay be present for days, months, or even years. However, it can resolve on its own but will appear again after a while.
Though the geographic tongue is quite uncomfortable, it is a minor condition.
However, having lesions on your tongue may indicate other severe conditions other than geographic tongue. You should meet your doctor or dentist if the lesions on your tongue don’t disappear within ten days.
The cause of the geographic tongue is not known.This makes it difficult to prevent the condition.
Nevertheless, it is believed that the geographic tongue is linked to psoriasis and lichen plan us. However, more research should be done fora better understanding of these connections.
The studies of factors that increase people’s risk of the geographic tongue did not show corresponding results. However, it is believed that the following factors can increase a person’s risk of the condition:
The geographic tongue does not pose any threat to your health, neither does it have long-term complications. Geographic tongue is called a benign condition and doesn’t increase your risk for any severe health problem.
However, people become anxious about the condition because it looks embarrassing to have a mapped out tongue, which depends on the lesions’ visibility. Also, it may be difficult to believe that there is nothing seriously wrong.