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Cavities

Cavities

Tooth decay or cavities are one of the dental issues people face.

Diagnosing cavities

Your dentist can employ different methods to identify tooth decay:

  • Through a mouth and teeth examination
  • By asking about tooth sensitivity and pain
  • Using dental instruments to spot soft areas of your teeth
  • Using dental X-rays to know how severe the decay is

In addition, your dentist can tell you the type of cavities you have from the three types: root, pit and fissure, and smooth surface.

Treating cavities

Attending regular dental check-ups is a good way to diagnose and treat early oral conditions that cause severe issues. How fast you get diagnosed and begin treatment lowers your risk of cavities from the bud and stalls its spread. If you treat a cavity before it starts making you feel uncomfortable, you may not need rigorous treatment.

To treat cavities, individual circumstances and the severity of the cavity are being considered. You can be treated with the following:

  • Fillings: Any tooth decay that has gone past the early phase is mainly fixed with fillings or restorations. They’re made of different materials like porcelain, composite resins or dental amalgam.
  • Fluoride treatments: This approach treats decay from its early stage using professional fluoride treatments, which can be in the form of gel, foam, varnish, or liquid. It’s either applied to your teeth with a brush or bonded in the form of trays.
  • Crowns: When the decay is deep, and your teeth are very weak, the decayed part is removed, and your natural tooth crown is prepared to receive a bespoke covering (custom-made crown) made from different materials like resin, gold, strong porcelain, etc.
  • Root canals: Rather than extracting a tooth where the decay has infected the pulp, this treatment can fix or save the tooth by removing the infected pulp. Sometimes, a medication is injected into the root canal to remove infection and replaced with a filling.
  • Tooth extraction: Where the tooth is badly decayed that it can’t be fixed, it’s removed. To avoid teeth movement due to a missing tooth, get an implant or bridge for replacement.

How to prepare for your appointment

For tooth pain and sensitivity, see your dentist. Before the appointment, take note of all medications you’re taking, allergies to medications, and questions to ask. Some questions to ask are:

  • What number of dental visits will I make to treat the tooth?
  • What’s the nature of my cavity?
  • How can I stop the pain?
  • When should I eat or drink after treatment?

Ask any other basic questions.

What to expect from your dentist

Your dentist may ask the following questions:

  • Do you feel severe pain biting down?
  • Do you feel pain eating sweet, hot or cold foods?
  • How often do you floss and brush your teeth?
  • Do you use fluoride toothpaste?
  • Do you have a dry mouth?
  • Etc

Self-measures for pain

Before your appointment, you can ease your tooth pain by:

  • Taking a doctor’s recommended over-the-counter painkillers
  • Using warm water to brush teeth
  • Using toothpaste for sensitive teeth
  • Not taking foods or drinks that cause tooth pain

Call us now at Smile Clinic London on 0207 139 8611 to schedule an appointment today.

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